Poly ether-ester s Bio-Based 1. Aliphatic Polycarbonates 1. Polyamides 1.
Kinetics of biopolymerization on nucleic acid templates
Poly ester amides 1. Poly ether amide s 1. Polyurethanes Bio-Based PU 1. Polysaccharides 1. Lignin 1. Vinyl Polymers 1. Diene Polymers 1. Other Biodegradable Polymers 1. Sources of Biopolymers Patents Chapter 2. Properties 2.
Intrinsic Properties 2. Processing Properties 2. Product Properties Patents Chapter 3. Blending 3. Blends in General 3. Blending Biopolymers with Other Biopolymers 3. Blending Biopolymers with Synthetic Nonbiodegradable Polymers 3. Commercial Products Patents Chapter 4.
Making Emulsions and Dispersions 4. Making Solutions 4. Making Hydro Gels Patents Chapter 5. Compounding and Additives 5.
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General 5. Compounding by Shear and Heat 5. Compounding in Liquid or Solution 5. Making Masterbatches 5. Additives and Modifiers Patents Chapter 6. Powdering 6.
Pelletization 6. Pulverization 6. Dissolution-Deposition 6. Emulsion-Precipitation 6. Coagulating Dispersions 6. Supercritical Fluid Technology Patents Chapter 7. Chemical Treatment in Bulk 7. Introduction of Functional Groups 7. Controlled Degradation 7. Increasing the Molecular Weight 7.
Radiation in Bulk 7. Interreacting Polymers Patents Chapter 8. Surface Treatment 8. General 8.
Physical Treatment 8. Chemical Treatment 8. Coating 8. Printing Patents Chapter 9. Foaming and Foamed Products 9. Biopolymer Foams 9. Types of Biopolymers 9. Foaming Agents 9. Compounding Ingredients 9. Expandable Particles 9. Composite Foams 9. Crosslinking 9. After Treatment of Foams Patents Chapter Films Laminates Patents Chapter Manufacture of Fibers and Fabrics Fiber Formation Nonwoven Nanofibers Wearing Resistance of Fibers Antistatic Fibers Patents Chapter Manufacture of Biocomposites General Reinforcing Biopolymers with Fillers The best results were obtained using C.
Molasses is a common industrial by-product of sugar production, is much cheaper than glucose, and is extensively used as a carbon source for PHA production from biological processes. Liu et al.
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A fed-batch feeding strategy was developed to improve cell growth and PHB production. The final PHA concentration was Jiang et al. This microorganism is capable of accumulating a large amount of granules in its cells when grown in sugarcane liquor medium. Then, cell growth was shifted to PHB synthesis by limiting nutrients other than the carbon source.
They observed that PHB productivity by this strain decreased with increasing molasses concentration. In fact, the highest P 3HB concentration produced by this strain was 0. Azotobacter vinelandii UWD was investigated by Page et al. Kulpreecha et al. In the experiments, a cell dry mass concentration of In addition, with sugarcane, C.
PLOS ONE: Biopolymers
In fact, C. To produce fuels and other valuable bioproducts, lignocellulosic biomass from dedicated crops and agricultural and forestry waste are promising renewable sources [ 74 , 75 , 76 , 77 ]. Lignocellulosic materials, consisting of lignin complex polyphenolic structure , cellulosic b- d -1,4-glucan , and hemicellulosic d -arabinose, d -xylose, d -mannose, d -glucose, d -galactose, and sugar alcohols fibers, constitute the most abundant renewable resources on our planet [ 13 ].
Silva et al. Higher polymer content and yield were observed under P limitation than under N limitation for Bk.
Yu and Stahl [ 22 ] also studied the performance of C. They demonstrated that P 3HB was the predominant biopolyester formed from the hydrolysis of sugarcane bagasse, with a concentration of 3. Lee et al. A higher P 3HB concentration, equal to 4. To evaluate the effects of the nitrogen source, tryptone and peptone were also tested, achieving The ability of R.