He was successful. Inbreeding: breeding animals that are closely related. The genetic effect of inbreeding is that it produces animals with genetic characteristics that are more fixed.
While good characteristics are fixed in fewer generations by inbreeding, bad characteristics are equally fixed, so inbreeding needs to be done very carefully with the purpose of selecting desired traits and culling out undesirable ones. Inbreeding can and will decrease size and vigor! It has also been found to cause loss of reproductive performance. Out crossing to another breeding line needs to be done at chosen intervals. Inbreeding is considered crossing mother to son, father to daughter, or full sister to full brother. Line breeding is inbreeding where the relationship of the goats are kept as close as possible to an individual animal.
For example, breeding a superior sire to his granddaughter or breeding half brother with a half sister who has the same sire. Advantages to line breeding are the same as in inbreeding except you double up on selected characteristics more rapidly. Be on the look out for undesirable characteristics here also, but there will be less chance of it.
Crossbreeding or out breeding is crossing two unrelated animals that have characteristics that you want to introduce to your flock. This is usually done between different blood lines or different breeds of goats. This type of breeding will produce a hybrid vigor. That being said, to produce the goat for show, breeding, milk, fiber, or meat, you have to aim for that perfection! For most, the production of gorgeous kids is just plain luck, but often they are the product of knowledgeable breeders who are aware of the body style of the dam and buck and how to achieve the characteristics of greatness.
If you stood all of your does side by side, are they all a cookie cutter image of each other? But, guess what?
They are all different! They all look different, act different, eat different, etc. So when it comes to a buck, you have to look for a buck that will have great qualities to improve the weak points of your does. You want your breeding to consistently produce good qualities that add strength to your herd, not weaknesses. I once read that a gentleman who used to stay mostly with a particular line of Boers, would also keep a close watch on what direction his herd was taking from time to time bring in a buck that would take some of the extreme does back to the style he liked.
Some goat owners stick with the same buck, year after year and wonder why they are not producing quality anymore. A completely different buck will certainly change things up a bit! A breeder should be prepared to continually educate him or herself at every opportunity. Make your breeding seasons count, and take the time to learn how to evaluate each and every animal.
The future of your herd does not count on the goats in your pasture, it counts on you! Do everything you can to make your next breeding a success! It is well to consider keeping multiple bucks of various ages to use on your does. Diversity in breeding is important for good outcome.
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